Arabic Worksheet 67
Another kind of long vowels
There is another way of writing a long vowel. In the previous worksheets, we saw that a long vowel is produced by the addition of Waw Sukun, Ya Sukun and Alif

The other way of writing a long vowel is to use the standing Fatha, standing Kasra and inverted (upside down) Dhamma.

We will call these signs:

Standing      Standing       Inverted
Fatha            Kasra            Dhamma

For example:

Worksheets 62-66 will give you practice in making clear the formation of long vowels, from short vowels, by the addition of Alif (to Fatha letters), Ya Sukun (to Kasra letter) and Waw Sukun (to Dhamma letter).

Note: Attention must be paid to the correct pronunciation of letters when reciting the Holy Quran. An incorrect pronunciation can be change the meaning.

For example:

When practicing to read the Holy Quran, you should know absolutely clearly the difference between Short and Long vowel sounds.

Words which may cause confusion

By now you should be thoroughly confident in the recognition of long vowels, i.e.:

Another example which usually causes confusion is the joining of a Fatha letter with an Alif which has a sign. The difference here is that the Alif has a sign. In this case then, the Alif is no longer silent, and has to be pronounced.

For example: