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Glossary
A A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Aaron see Harun
Abar Ali the name of a place where Masjidu Shajarah is situated, 7 km. outside of Medinah.
Abu Dharr al-Ghiffari (Jundub b. Junada) was a companion of the Prophet (S.A.W.) who was loyal to Imam Ali (A.S.) He died in 32 (A.H.) 651 (A.D.) after being expilled by Uthman.
Abu Talib the father of Ali (A.S.). He looked after the Prophet (S.A.W.) when the latter was a child.
Adhan is the call for daily ritual prayers (Salat). The person who calls the Adhan is called a Mu'adhin.
Ahlul-Bayt refers to the Household of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.).
Ahwat is a precaution. This can be obligatory or optional as ruled by the Mujtahid.
Akhirah is the Hereafter
A'lam is the top ranking jurist
Ale Muhammad Blood kin, descendants of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.).
Al-hamdu lillahi rabbil 'alamin This is a verse from the Qur'an that Muslims recite and say many times per day. Other than being recited daily during prayers, a Muslim reads this expression in every activity of his daily life. The meaning of it is: "Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds."
A Muslim invokes the praises of Allah before he does his daily work; and when he finishes, he thanks Allah for His favors. A Muslim is grateful to Allah for all His blessings. It is a statement of thanks, appreciation, and gratitude from the creature to his Creator.
'Alim is a scholar
Ali b. Abi Talib (A.S.) is the first Imam (A.S.), the cousin and son-in-law of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.). He is referred to as Ameer al-Mu'mineen, the Leader of the Faithful. He was poisoned in 661 A.D.
Ali b. al-Husayn b. Ali b. Abi Talib (A.S.) is the fourth Imam.
Ali b. Muhammad b. Ali b. Musa al-Hadi, Abu al-Hasan (A.S.) is the 10th Imam.
Ali b. Musa al-Rida, Abu al-Hasan (A.S.) is the eighth Imam.
Allah refers to God, glory be to Him, there is no god but He. Allah is a Divine name of God. It is the perfect name for God as it truly denotes the absolute Oneness of God. The name has no plural and no feminine form.
Allahu akbar This statement is said by Muslims numerous times. During the call for prayer, during prayer, when they are happy, and wish to express their approval of what they hear, when they slaughter an animal, and when they want to praise a speaker, Muslims do say this expression of Allahu Akbar. Actually it is most said expression in the world. Its meaning: "Allah is the Greatest." Muslims praise Allah in every aspect of life; and as such they say Allahu Akbar.
A'maal is an act of worship.
Amirul Mu'mineen The commander of the faithful, Imam Ali (A.S.).
Ansar means helpers.****************
Arafah is the ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah.
Arafat is the area about 25 km. away from Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
A.H. refers to After Hijrah. It is the reference used in the Islamic calender, instead of A.D. which is used in the Christian calender.
A.S. refers to 'Alayhis-salaam, (God's) peace be with him. It is said after the names of all previous prophets, their mothers (e.g. Bibi Maryam [Mary] A.S.), the twelve divine Imams from the household of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and Bibi Fatima (A.S.). It will change to 'Alayhas-salaam (peace be with her) if it follows a lady's name. After any two names we say 'Alayhimassalaam and after more than two names or when referring a group of people we say 'Alayhimus-salaam. Thus, we say Imams Hasan and Husayn (A.S.='alayhimas-salaam) and the Ahul-Bayt (A.S.'alayhimus-salaam).
'Asr is the afternoon, and the prayer of the afternoon
Assalamu alaikum This is an expression Muslims say whenever they meet one another. It is a statement of greeting with peace. The meaning of it is: "Peace be upon you."
Muslims try to establish peace on earth even through the friendly relation of greeting and meeting one another.
The other forms are: "Assalamu 'Alalikum Wa Rahmatullah," which means:"May the peace and the Mercy of Allah be upon you," and "Assalamu Alalikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh," which means :"May the peace, the mercy, and the blessings of Allah be upon you."
Ayah is a sign of Allah or a verse of the Qur'an (pl. Ayat)
B A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Baab-al-Salaam is one of the famous gates of Masjidul Haraam.
Baligh is one who is an adult
Batil is void
Bilal was a companion of the Prophet (S.A.W.)
Bulugh is puberty
D A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
David see Dawood
Dawood a Prophet of Allah mentioned in the Qur'an and the Old Testament.
Deen is religion
Dhikr is remembrance, the recitation of special invocations during and after ritual prayers.
Dhuhr prayers are the afternoon prayers
Dhul Hijjah is the last month (12th) of the Islamic calendar.
Dhul Qidah is the 11th month of the Islamic calendar.
Du'a is supplication
E A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Ehtiaat see Ahwat
Ehtiaat-Mustahabbi is a preferable precaution
Ehtiaat-Waajib means precautionarily obligatory. Its significance is the same as that of wajib with the difference that in the problems where a mujtahid says it is "precautionarily obligatory", one has the option of leaving his taqlid in this particular problem and following the rulings of the second-best mujtahid in that problem.
F A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Fajr is dawn, and denotes Subhe-Sadiq, the prime time for prayer
Farsakh is a distance of five and a half kilometers
Fatiha is the opening chapter of the Holy Qur'an.
Fatima or Fatema (A.S.) the Chief of the women of the worlds, is the daughter of the Prophet (S.A.W.) and the wife of Ali b. Abi Talib (A.S.), the mother of Hasan and Hussein (A.S.)
Fatwa is a verdict, especially of a Mujtahid
Fidyah is a sacrifice of an animal for expiation
Fiqh is a science of religious jurispudence
Fitrah is the charity due on the occasion of Eid al-Fitr, on the night after Ramadhan.
Foroo-e-Din are the branches of Islam
G A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Ghadeer is the name of a place near Mecca, and the great holiday named after the event that occurred at that place.
Ghasbi Anything taken by force from others without their consent, or anything taken from others in normal transaction with an intention of not paying its price.
Ghusl is a spiritual bath required after sexual intercourse, menstruation, seminal discharge, and other conditions.
...read more
H A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Hadath-Akbar is something that needs wudhu or ghusl
Hadath-Asghar is a minor hadath that needs wudhu
Hadeeth is a narration/tradition reported from the Prophet (S) and the Imams (a.s.)
Hajarul Aswad is the Black Stone.
Hajj is the Islamic pilgrimage
Hajjatul Tamatu is the secnod session of the Hajj for those who are not resident in Mecca or its vicinity.
Halal is something that is lawful and permissible to use/consume in Islam
Halq is to shave off the hair from the head (during Hajj)
Hamza an uncle of the Prophet who became a Muslim and was martyred at the battle of Uhud.
Haq is the right or claim to something
Haram Deeds, doing of which is sinful and punishable and abstinence from them is rewardable.
Harun the brother of Musa (Moses) and Prophet of Allah mentioned in the Qur'an.
Hasan b. Ali b. Abi Talib (A.S.) is the secnd Imam.
Hasan b. Ali b. Muhammad, Abu Muhammad al-Askari (A.S.) is the 11th Imam.
Hijab is the screening between non-mahram men and women
Hijra is the day the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) left Mecca for Medina. In particular, it was the Prophet's (S.A.W.) abandoning Mecca because of its mounting hostility, and transferring himself and his followers to Yathrib (200 miles north) whose people had invited him. He arrived on the 20th of September 622 AD, and the city proudly changed its name to Medinatu'l-Nabi (the Prophet's (S.A.W.) city). On Imam Ali's (A.S.) advice, Omar, reproached for not dating documents, took this event as the start of the Muslim era, dubbing the year of the Hijrah year as Year 1 and starting it on the Lunar New Year's Day, the 1st of Muharram 622 AD.
...read more
Hijr-e-Ismaaeel is a small wall in an arc shape adjoining the Ka'ba on one side
Hira is the cave wherein Prophet Muhammad (S) sat for worshipping Allah
Husain b. Ali b. Abi Talib (A.S.) is the third Imam.
I A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Ibadah is devotion or worship
Iftar is the breaking of the fast
Ihram is the state in which every pilgrim in Hajj has to perform his/her Hajj, consisting of two modest clothes and 25 restrictions.
Ihtiyat is a precautionary action which usually requires repetition.
Ihteyat-e-Wajib means precautionarily obligatory. Its significance is the same as that of wajib with the difference that in the problems where a mujtahid says it is "precautionarily obligatory", one has the option of leaving his taqlid in this particular problem and following the rulings of the second-best mujtahid in that problem.
Imam means Leader in Arabic. The term is generally applied to religious leaders. However, there are 12 infallible and noble Imams, the descendants of Muhammad (S.A.W.).
Iman is full, deep belief or faith.
Injil is the New Testament.
Inshallah means with the will of Allah
Iqamah is the announcement of the beginning of prayer.
Isa the son of Mariam (Mary). He is a prophet of Allah.
Isha is the commencement of darkness, and the prayer of that time.
Ishmael see Ismaeel
Islam was revealed to the Prophet (Sura III: Ali-Imran--The Family of Imran, verse 19) "The Religion of Allah is Al-Islam," and again (Sura V: Ma'idah--The Table Spread, verse 3) "This day I have approved al-Islam for you as a religion." Islam is the verbal noun of "asalama"--to submit oneself to God.
Ismaeel the son of Abraham, Prophet of Allah and the father of the Arabs.
Istighfar is to seek the forgiveness of Allah
J A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Ja'far b. Muhammad (A.S.) Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husayn, al-Sadiq, Abu Abd Allah (A.S.) was the 6th Imam.
Ja'iz see Halal
Jacob see Yaqub
Jama'at is a group or a congregation
Jesus see Isa.
Jihad is a holy war (striving or fighting in the way of Allah) by the order of the Imam.
Jinn is a type of creature having, like humans, free will
Joseph see Yusuf
Jum'ah is Friday
K A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Ka'bah is the cubic house built by Prophet Ibrahim (A.S.) and his son Ismaeel (A.S.) more than 3000 years ago in Mecca, towards which all Muslims face for their Salat. It contains the Hajarul Aswad or the Black Stone.
Kaffarah are alms to be given as penance on different occasions.
Khadija the daughter of Khuwaylid and the wife of the Prophet (S.A.W.). She is the mother of Fatima (A.S.).
Khums is "a fifth", obligatory tax-like charity
Kifie is an obligatory Islamic rule. If one person performs the act, then it is not required for others to perform. For example, the burial of a deceased Muslim is obligatory on any one person to perform.
Kur Kur = 384 Liters (Volume = 27" x 27" x 27")
i.e. Min Volume = 27 inches each side
L A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Labbaik literally means a response to the call
M A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Madina is a city in Saudi Arabia, and Medinatu'l Nabi (the city of the Prophet) was the name taken by the citizens of Yathrib, the town to which the Prophet (S.A.W.) and his companions migrated during Hijrah.
Maghrib is sun-down and the prayer associated with it
Mahram is a person with whom marriage is forbidden
Makruh those deeds, abstinence from which is rewarded, but committing them is not sinful.
Maqame-e-Ibrahim is a place near the Ka'bah, where there is a stone bearing the footprint of Prophet Ibrahim (a)
Marwah is a remnant of a mountain in Mecca.
Masjid is a mosque, a place of Islamic worship.
Masjid-u-Shajarah is a mosque outside Madinah, where most of the Hajis go there for wearing Ihram; a Meeqat
Masjid-ul-Haram is the Grand mosque in Makkah, where the Holy Ka'ba is situated
Mayyit is a corpse, a dead body of a human being
Mecca is a holy city in Saudi Arabia
Medina see Madina
Meeqat are appointed places for wearing Ihram before entering Makkah
Mina is an area about 12 km. from Mecca.
Moses see Musa
Mubah Those deeds which are allowed by the Shariah, but neither rewardable nor punishable for doing or neglecting them.
Muhammad (S.A.W.) is the Last of the Messengers of Allah to mankind.
Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husayn al Baqir, Abu Ja'far (A.S.) is the 5th Imam.
Muhammad b. Ali b. Musa, al-Jawad (A.S.) is the 9th Imam.
Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Askari (A.S.) is the 12th Imam.
Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar.
Mujtahid is s specialist on the deduction of the Islamic rules from four major sources: the Qur'an, Hadith, conscience of the community, and reasoning.
Mu'min is a believer, one who has Iman (pl. Mu'mineen)
Muqallid is a follower of a qualified specialist on religious matters.
Musa was a Prophet of Allah mentioned in the Qur'an and the Old Testament.
Musa b. Ja'far b. Muhammad al-Kadhim, Abu al-Hasan (A.S.) is the 7th Imam.
Muslim is one who believes in Allah, his Prophet (S.A.W.), the day of Resurrection (Qiyamat), recites the Kalemah, and accepts the commandments of Allah and His Prophet (S.A.W.) as the Truth.
Mustahab Mustahab or Sunnat means recommendable, desirable. The acts whose neglect is not punished, but whose performance is rewarded, e.g., the call for prayers (adhan).
Muzdalafah (also called Mash'ar) is the area between Mina and Arafat, about 20 km. form Mecca.
N A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Nabi is a Prophet
Nabuwwat see Fundamentals of Islam
Nadhr is one of the three types of vows to Almighty Allah.
Nafilah are the recommended prayers after or before the daily obligatory Salat.
Najasat is an impurity
...read more
Najis is something that is impure
Naar is the fire of Hell
Nikah is a pronouncement of marriage according to Shari'ah
Niyyah is an intention to perform an activity.
Noah see Nuh
Non-mehram is one with whom marriage is permitted
Nuh a prophet of Allah mentioned in the Qur'and and the Old Testament
P A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Pak is something that is clean, not najis
Prophet refers to a Messenger sent by Allah to mankind, such as: Adam, Nuh (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus)(A.S.), and the Last Messenger, the Seal of the Prophethood, Muhammad (S.A.W.).
Q A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Qadha is the duty that is required for a missed ritual activity, such as prayers or fasting.
Qamar is the moon
Qiblah is the direction of Salat (towards the Ka'bah).
Qira-at is the reading of the prayer
Qiyam is the standing during the Salat for recitation of Suratul Hamd and the second Surah, and the standing after the Ruku'.
Qiyamat is the day of Resurrection
...read more
Fundamentals of Islam
Qunut is the act of raising both palms in fornt of the face while praying in the second Rakat of Salat.
Qur'an is the Holy Book, the Living Miracle, revealed from Allah as a guidance to mankind.
Quraysh is the tribe of Mecca to which Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) belonged. All his descendants are also called Qurayshi.
Qurbani is a sacrifice
Qurbat is the niyyah of nearness to Allah
R A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Rajab is the seventh month of the Islamic calendar.
Ramadhan is the ninth and the holiest month of the Islamic calendar. It is the month of fasting from sunrise to sunset.
Rukn literally means a "pillar". It is also a basis of the prayer.
Ruku' is the act of bowing in the Salat
S A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
S.A.W. stands for Sallal-lahu 'alayhi wa-alihi wa-sallam in Arabic, and means Blessings and peace of God be with him and his household. It is a prayer which is said after the name of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.).
Sadaqah is the charity given to the poor.
Saee means walking between the rocks of Safa and Marwah
Safa is the part of a mountain in Mecca.
Saheefa-Kamila is a collection of supplications by our 4th Imam Zainul Abideen (a.s.).
Sajdah is the act of prostration in the Salat, when seven portions of the body touch the earth: the forehead on pure ground, two palms, two knees, and the two big toes. The two Sajdahs together are called sajdatain.
Salam is a salutation. It is also the last recitation at the end of Salat.
Salat are the obligatory prayers
Salawat are invocation of blessings, specifically the recitation of Allahumma Sali 'Ala Muhammadin Wa Aali Muhammad, meaning O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad.
Salman (al-Farsi) was the Persion Companion of the Prophet (S.A.W.)
Sawm is the act of fasting
Sayyid is a descendant of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.)
Shaabaan is the eighth month of the Islamic calendar.
Shahadah is declaration
Shaheed is a martyr in the way of Islam (pl. Shuhada).
Shaitan is Satan, the enemy of mankind
Shari'ah are the rules and regulations of Islam, the divine Law. Shari'ah is the totality of of Allah's Commandments relating to man's activities.
Shams is the Sun
Shawwal is the 10th month of the Islamic calendar.
Shi'a is a follower of the twelve Imams (A.S.).
Sunnat Sunnat or Mustahab means recommendable, desirable. The acts whose neglect is not punished, but whose performance is rewarded, e.g., the call for prayers (adhan).
Surah is any chapter of the 114 in the Holy Qur'an. It literally means a sign, or a revelation. Each Surah in the Qur'an is named from some subject or word which is particularly striking.
T A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Tafseer is a term used for a commentary of any book, specifically the Holy Qur'an.
Taharat is the state of being clean and not impure
Tahur is the cave wherein Prophet Muhammad (S) stayed before finally migrating to Madinah
Takbirah is saying "Allahu Akbar" (Allah is the Greatest).
Talbiyah is the formula of response to the Call of Allah, which must be pronounced immediately after Niyyah of Ihram
Tartib To perform every work in the same order as approved by the Shariah.
Tawaf is part of the worship of Hajj and Umrah
Tawbah is repentance
Tawheed is Divine Unity
Tayammum means spiritual cleansing which is sometimes a substitute for wudhu and ghusl
... read more
Thawab is a Divine blessing
Turbah is earth, especially from the shrines of the Holy Imams (A.S.), on which Muslims place their heads during Sajdah
U A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Umm Kulthum see Zaynab
Umra is the "little" pilgrimage, performed in ritual purity wearing the Ihram, the seamless ceremonial garments consisting of a white sheet from the navel to the knees and a white sheet covering the left shoulder, back and breast, knotted on the right.
Usule Din are the principles of Islam.
W A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Wafat is a death
Wajib the religious duties performance of which is rewarded and neglect of which is punishable.
Wajib-e-Kifaee is an obligatory Islamic rule. If one person performs the act, then it is not required for others to perform. For example, the burial of a deceased Muslim is obligatory on any one person to perform.
Wudhu is a spiritual wash of the face and hands before Salat
How to perform Wudhu
Y A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Yaqub a prophet of Allah, mentioned in the Qur'an and the Old Testament.
Yusuf a prophet of Allah, mentioned the Qur'an and the Old Testament.
Z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
Zakat is an obligatory charity
Zamzam is the name of a well at Makkah
Zaynab (Umm Kulthum) was the younger daughter of Ali and Fatima (A.S.).
Ziyarat is to visit and/or to recite special salutations for the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and his household (A.S.).

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